A Jewish religious brotherhood in Palestine from the 2 century BC to the end of the 1 century AD that lived under austere conditions in communes.

Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. . 2012.

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  • ESSENES — ESSENES, a religious communalistic Jewish sect or association in the latter half of the Second Temple period, from the second century B.C.E. to the end of the first century C.E. Contemporary or near contemporary descriptions are found in philo… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Essenes — • One of three leading Jewish sects mentioned by Josephus as flourishing in the second century B.C., the others being the Pharisees and the Sadducees Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Essenes     Essenes …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Essēnes — (d.i. Bienenkönige), Opfervorsteher am Dianentempel zu Ephesos; sie waren 1 Jahr an strenge Observanz gebunden, bes. an Enthaltung von der Liebe, an gewisse Speisen u. Getränke u. körperliche Reinigungen …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Essenes — Part of a series of articles on Jews and Judaism …   Wikipedia

  • Essenes — A group within Palestinian Judaism, existing from the 2nd cent. BCE until 70 CE and mentioned by Josephus [[➝ Josephus, Flavius]] and Philo, though not in the NT. Many of the Essenes lived in villages, according to Philo, but most scholars… …   Dictionary of the Bible

  • Essenes — Essene Es*sene , n.; pl. {Essenes}. [Gr. ?, lit., physicians, because they practiced medicine, fr. Chald [=a]say[=a] to heal, cf. Heb. as[=a].] One of a sect among the Jews in the time of our Savior, remarkable for their strictness and abstinence …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Essenes — noun First century ascetic Jewish sect, in ancient Palestine from the second century BCE. to the second century CE. The Essenes are believed to be the authors of the …   Wiktionary

  • ESSENES —    an ancient JEWISH SECT dwelling in the vicinity of the Dead Sea about which little is known despite much speculation. They are generally believed to be associated with the DEAD SEA SCROLLS although some scholars question this assumption. Since …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Essenes —    A Jewish mystical sect somewhat resembling the Pharisees. They affected great purity. They originated about B.C. 100, and disappeared from history after the destruction of Jerusalem. They are not directly mentioned in Scripture, although they… …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • ESSENES —    a religious communistic fraternity, never very numerous, that grew up on the soil of Judea about the time of the Maccabees, and had establishments in Judea when Christ was on earth, as well as afterwards in the time of Josephus; they led an… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

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