Adret, Solomon ben-Abraham (Rashba)

Adret, Solomon ben-Abraham (Rashba)
(c. 1235–1310)
   Spanish rabbi and scholar. Adret studied under Rabbi Moses NAHMANIDES, and after some years of business activity was appointed rabbi of his native city, Barcelona, a post he held for forty years. He was known as Rashba from the initials of his name in Hebrew, Rabbi Shlomo ben-Abraham. He was regarded as the foremost Jewish scholar and personality in Spain, respected by the secular authorities and esteemed by the royal House of Aragon. His opinions were sought from all over the Jewish world. As well as over three thousand replies to Jewish communities seeking his advice, Adret wrote a number of manuals on such subjects as ceremonial law to be observed in the home, commentaries on talmudic tractates, a book dealing with the laws of the Sabbath, and a polemic against Islam. Adret is mentioned regularly in the secular archives of the Kingdom of Aragon from 1263. Like many Spanish Jewish scholars of his day, he was a wealthy financier who made loans to non-Jews and occasionally to the royal treasury. The notes in the archives refer to such loans, and sometimes also allude to his conducting the defence of Jews in the civil courts, which indicates that he was fluent in Latin and well-versed in secular as well as Jewish law. Adret was also a student of the Cabbala (Jewish mysticism), but opposed to the ecstatic type of mysticism, and in this respect severely condemned Abraham ABULAFIA and his ‘prophetic Cabbalism’.
   Such a widely recognized scholar could hardly escape being embroiled in the chief Jewish controversy of the time, the dispute over the philosophic works of MAIMONIDES. Adret came to the latter’s defence after 1280 when a group of European rabbis attempted to ban his works. Finally, however, he agreed to a cherem (‘ban’) being placed on the study before the age of twenty-five of ‘Greek’ works of science and metaphysics (except medicine). In effect, philosophy should not be begun until after a thorough study of the Torah and Talmud. In Adret’s time, the traditional prestige in the community of learning was being challenged by an emerging class of rich and aristocratic Spanish Jews. The form of communal leadership Adret favoured was a scholarly autocracy, with leaders chosen from members of the old families who were both wealthy and pious.

Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. . 2012.

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  • ADRET, SOLOMON BEN ABRAHAM — (known from his initials as RaShBa, Rav Shlomo Ben Abraham; c. 1235–c. 1310), Spanish rabbi and one of the foremost Jewish scholars of his time, whose influence has remained to this day. Adret belonged to a well to do family of Barcelona where he …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Adret, Solomon ben Abraham — ▪ Spanish rabbi Hebrew  Rabbi Shlomo Ben Abraham Adret,  acronym  Rashba  born 1235, Barcelona, Spain died 1310, Barcelona       outstanding spiritual leader of Spanish Jewry of his time (known as El Rab de España [the Rabbi of Spain]); he is… …   Universalium

  • Adret(Abraham), Solomon ben (Adret, Solomon Ibn; Rashba) — (1235 1310)    Spanish scholar. He studied under Nahmanides and was later the leader of Spanish Jewry. His legal decisions were viewed as authoritative because of his stature as a scholar; they constitute a primary source of information about the …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Rashba — Salomon ben Aderet Rabbi Chelomo ben Aderet (1235 1310), plus connu sous son acronyme Rachba, fut rabbin, légaliste, banquier et talmudiste fort renommé. Il est né à Barcelone en 1235, et eut pour maître le Ramban et Rabbenou Yona, avant de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Rashba —    see Adret, Solomon ben Abraham …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

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  • Shlomo ben Aderet — (Hebrew: שלמה בן אדרת) (or Solomon son of Aderet) [Shlomo ben Aderet s name may be written in many different ways. His first name is written as either Shlomo or Solomon. The next word, ben (which means son of in Hebrew) is sometimes replaced by… …   Wikipedia

  • DURAN, SIMEON BEN ẒEMAḤ — (RaSHBaẒ, Hebrew acronym of Rabbi Shimon ben Ẓemaḥ; 1361–1444), rabbinic authority, philosopher, and scientist. He was born in Majorca to R. Ẓemaḥ Astruc Duran. In his youth Simeon studied in Palma (Majorca) at the yeshivah of Ephraim Vidal, who… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ABBA MARI BEN MOSES BEN JOSEPH ASTRUC OF LUNEL — (c. 1300), writer who opposed extreme rationalism. He especially attacked the spread of philosophical allegorization of Scripture in popular sermons and the use of astral magic for healing. Abba Mari lived in Montpellier where the dispute over… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ḤAYYIM (Eliezer) BEN ISAAC OR ZARU'A — (late 13th century), German rabbi and halakhic authority, called Or Zaru a after the famous work composed by his father, isaac b. moses of Vienna. Ḥayyim was orphaned in his early youth. His principal teacher was Meir b. Baruch of Rothenburg,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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