Ephraim, Veitel Heine

Ephraim, Veitel Heine
   Banker. In association with the Jewish financiers Moses Isaak and Daniel ITZIG, Ephraim gained from the king of Prussia the lease of all six Prussian mints and two in Saxony. Facing economic ruin because of the enormous cost of the Seven Years’ War, Frederick the Great used these mints to strike counter-feit coins of neighbouring countries. As well as degrading the currency of his neighbours, Frederick frequently devalued the coinage in his own realm. As his agent, Ephraim was associated in the public mind with these unpopular measures. He was repeatedly attacked in popular pamphlets, street songs and sermons. But he was well rewarded by Frederick, and became one of the richest Jews in Berlin, where he lived in a splendid rococo mansion presented by the king.
   He was also one of the chief elders of the Jewish community, appointed to this office by the monarch. His autocratic ways and nepotism made him unpopular with his fellow Jews; however, he supported the community against the throne when the government tried to force it to accept a rabbi chosen by the king.

Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament. . 2012.

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  • EPHRAIM, VEITEL HEINE — (1703–1775), court jeweler and head of the Berlin community. From 1730 he regularly attended the Leipzig fairs, and supplied jewels to the Prussian court and silver to the mint, strengthening his position by furnishing loans to the crown prince.… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Ephraim Veitel Heine — (1703 75)    German court jeweller and community leader. In 1745 he was appointed court jeweller to the King of Prussia. Three years later he was elected head of the Berlin Jewish community. He built a school for the children employed in his… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Veitel Heine Ephraim — Nathan Veitel Heine (Chaim) Ephraim (* 1703 in Berlin; † 16. Mai 1775 ebenda) war Vorsitzender der Jüdischen Gemeinde zu Berlin und königlich preußischer Hoffaktor sowie Inhaber mehrerer Gold und Silber Manufakturen. Veitel ist dabei kein Name… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Veitel-Heine Ephraim — (born 1703, died 1775 in Berlin) was Jeweller to the Prussian Court and Mint Master under the Prussian Kings Frederick William I and Frederick the Great.He became infamous for debasing the currency on behalf of Frederick the Great in order to… …   Wikipedia

  • EPHRAIM — EPHRAIM, family mainly active in Berlin. Its first member to settle there was Heine (ḤAYYIM) EPHRAIM (1665–1748), born in Altona, who rose to be court jeweler and head of the Berlin Jewish community (1726–32). His son was Veitel heine ephraim ,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Ephraim — (1842–44) von Francesco Hayez Ephraim ist ein männlicher Vorname, der auf die Tradition des biblischen Stammes Ephraim zurückgeht. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ephraim-Palais — Das Ephraim Palais ist ein in den 1980er Jahren rekonstruiertes Rokokogebäude am Rande des Nikolaiviertels im Berliner Ortsteil Mitte. Es ist denkmalgeschützt und gilt als eines der schönsten historischen Bürgerhäuser der Stadt. Als Museum gehört …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Benjamin Veitel Ephraim — (* 1742 in Berlin; † 1811 ebenda) war königlich preußischer Hoffaktor, Diplomat und Unternehmer. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Literatur 3 Weblinks …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Moses Ephraim Kuh — (* 1731 in Breslau; † 3. April 1790 ebenda) war ein deutsch jüdischer Dichter und Kaufmann. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Werke 3 Literatur 4 Weblinks …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Efraim — Ephraim (1842–44) von Francesco Hayez Ephraim ist ein männlicher Vorname, der auf die Tradition des biblischen Stammes Ephraim zurückgeht. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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